Author Guidelines

1.    How to Submit a Manuscript

Submit manuscripts to E&HR via ScholarOne at

2.    Types of Manuscripts

Listed below are the suggested minimum and maximum word counts for each type of manuscript. The editor may commission manuscripts for these sections. Placement of manuscripts under section headings is at the editor’s discretion.

Articles (conceptual pieces or empirical studies)
4500-8500 words (not including references, figures, tables, appendices, or other supplementary materials)

Essays and Commentaries
1400 words or more

Case Studies
1400 words or more

Book Reviews
700-1400 words

3.    Author Submission Checklist

Cover Letter
A brief cover letter should acknowledge submission of the manuscript. Authors must confirm that neither the manuscript nor any of its content, including tables, figures, and other supplementary materials, has been published elsewhere or is in press at another publication.

Abstract for Articles
Up to 250 words and 4-6 keywords for indexing purposes.

Manuscript Cover Page
A separate cover page should include

o   title of manuscript

o   estimated word count (not including references, tables, and other supplementary materials)

o   contact author’s name, professional title, institutional affiliation, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, email address

o   coauthors’ names, professional titles, institutional affiliations, telephone numbers, and email addresses

o   acknowledgments: Authors must disclose all financial support for the research and development of the manuscript

o   human subjects protection statement: If research was conducted with human participants, a statement is required indicating that an institutional review board (IRB) or other relevant ethics review committee approved the study. If ethics approval was not obtained, an explanation must be provided

Manuscripts are blind reviewed by peer reviewers. Author identification should be removed from the text and references. This can be accomplished by referring to your work in the third person, and citing the references in the usual manner (do not delete your name from the references). Manuscripts recommended for publication may be subject to revisions, additional review, and standard copyediting. Manuscripts will not be returned to authors. Copyright is transferred to The Hastings Center upon acceptance.

Conflict of Interest
Authors will be asked to disclose any conflicts of interest. expects all prospective contributors and reviewers to declare any potential conflicts of interest. Conflicts of interest include any personal or professional affiliations, any financial interests, and/or any past, present, or anticipated activities that may compromise the quality or objectivity of a manuscript or review. The rough test that we ask authors to employ is, Is there anything that would likely cause readers to second-guess your objectivity if it were to emerge after publication? Authors will be asked to disclose conflicts of interest when a manuscript is submitted for consideration to E&HR.

Work funded by the National Institutes of Health
Pursuant to NIH mandate, authors who received NIH funding for their work are required to deposit the accepted version of their manuscript to PubMed Central. By “accepted version,” we refer to the version of a manuscript following any revisions or corrections that the author(s) made following peer review and before editing by the E&HR editorial staff. Authors are responsible for sending the accepted version of their manuscript to PubMed. The title should be updated if it is changed for publication. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see

Manuscript Format

o   Submit a Word document with text in Times-New Roman 12-point font, double-spaced, with 1-inch margins.

o   References are to be endnotes — they should be at the end of the manuscript. Do not insert references as footnotes, at the bottom of manuscript pages.

o   Consecutively number all pages of text and references. (Each endnote number should appear only once in the text.)

Please note that we are now using a modified Chicago style for manuscripts and references (no longer a modified Vancouver style). Articles accepted for publication must conform to the modified style shown below when submitted for final formatting into galleys.

o   References should be enumerated consecutively as endnotes that appear at the end of the text. The first time a source is used, embed a superscript number in the text and provide the full citation at the end of the manuscript. Please try to limit the number of cited works in each endnote to the three most important or most useful sources. See below for how to list multiple references in a single endnote (1) and subsequent citations to a given work should be cited in the endnote section.(2)

o   Journal titles are always spelled out in full, with "The" omitted from the start of the journal titles.

o   Direct quotations from sources should be referenced with the specific page number(s) on which the quoted passage occurs.

Article Preparation Support
Wiley Editing Services offers expert help with English Language Editing, as well as translation, manuscript formatting, figure illustration, figure formatting, and graphical abstract design – so you can submit your manuscript with confidence. Also, check out resources for Preparing Your Article for general guidance about writing and preparing your manuscript.

Article Promotion Support
Wiley Editing Services offers professional video, design, and writing services to create sharable video abstracts, infographics, conference posters, lay summaries, and research news stories for your research – so you can help your research get the attention it deserves.

Articles in Journals 
One author
King, N. M. P., “Research with Human Subjects: Humility and Deception,” IRB: Ethics & Human Research 40, no. 2 (2018): 12-14.

More than three authors
Christopher, P. P., et al., “Enrolling in Clinical Research While Incarcerated: What Influences Participants’ Decisions?,” Hasting Center Report 47 (2017): 21-29.

Citing a specific page following the full-page range for a piece
Resnik, D. B., “Centralized Institutional Review Boards: Assessing the Arguments and Evidence,” Journal of Clinical Research Best Practices 8, no. 11 (2012): 1-13, at 6.

Citing a specific page when the full citation for a piece appears earlier in the endnotes
Resnik, “Centralized Institutional Review Boards,” 11. [Note that, as in the example in note 2 below, an abbreviated form of the citation is used because the full citation has already been provided.]

Books and Other Monographs
Klitzman, R., The Ethics Police? The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe (New York: Oxford University Press, 2015).

Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Annas, G. J., L. H. Glantz, and B. F. Katz, eds., Informed Consent to Human Experimentation: The Subject’s Dilemma (Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1977).

Organization as author and publisher
National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1979).

Book chapter
Lederer, S. E., and M. A. Grodin, “Historical Overview: Pediatric Experimentation,” in Children as Research Subjects: Science, Ethics, and Law, ed. M. A. Grodin and L. H. Glantz (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), 3-28.

Newspaper article
Kolata, G. A., “A Cancer Conundrum: Too Many Drug Trials, Too Few Patients,” New York Times, August 12, 2017.

Online Materials
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,

Other materials
“Clinical Trials and Human Subject Protection,” U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration, accessed August 13, 2018.

Declaration of Helsinki, World Medical Association, October 2000,

Miller, F. G., and A. D. Lyerly, “Navigating Ethics Review of Human Infection Trials With Zika,” Bioethics Forum (blog), April 30, 2018,

Multiple references

1. Gewirth, A., The Community of Rights (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996); P. P. Christopher et al., “Enrolling in Clinical Research While Incarcerated: What Influences Participants’ Decisions?,” Hasting Center Report 47 (2017): 21-29.

Second and Any Subsequent References to a Given Work 

2. Christopher et al., “Enrolling in Clinical Research While Incarcerated.” [The full citation appears in note 1, so this is abbreviated.]


View/download the full Author Guidelines here: Ethics & Human Research - Aims & Scope.