Research Article
Open Access

Comprehensive characterization of a floral mutant reveals the mechanism of hooked petal morphogenesis in Chrysanthemum morifolium

Lian Ding

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China

These authors contributed equally to this work.Search for more papers by this author
Kunkun Zhao

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China

These authors contributed equally to this work.Search for more papers by this author
Xue Zhang

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China

These authors contributed equally to this work.Search for more papers by this author
Aiping Song

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China

Search for more papers by this author
Jiangshuo Su

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China

Search for more papers by this author
Yueheng Hu

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China

Search for more papers by this author
Wenqian Zhao

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China

Search for more papers by this author
Jiafu Jiang

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China

Search for more papers by this author
Fadi Chen

Corresponding Author

E-mail address: [email protected]

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China

Correspondence (Tel +86‐25‐84396579; fax +86‐25‐84396579; email

[email protected]

)Search for more papers by this author
First published: 03 May 2019

(Click DOI to download directly)

Citations: 1

Summary

The diversity of form of the chrysanthemum flower makes this species an ideal model for studying petal morphogenesis, but as yet, the molecular mechanisms underlying petal shape development remain largely unexplored. Here, a floral mutant, which arose as a bud sport in a plant of the variety ‘Anastasia Dark Green’, and formed straight, rather than hooked petals, was subjected to both comparative morphological analysis and transcriptome profiling. The hooked petals only became discernible during a late stage of flower development. At the late stage of ‘Anastasia Dark Green’, genes related to chloroplast, hormone metabolism, cell wall and microtubules were active, as were cell division‐promoting factors. Auxin concentration was significantly reduced, and a positive regulator of cell expansion was down‐regulated. Two types of critical candidates, boundary genes and adaxial–abaxial regulators, were identified from 7937 differentially expressed genes in pairwise comparisons, which were up‐regulated at the late stage in ‘Anastasia Dark Green’ and another two hooked varieties. Ectopic expression of a candidate abaxial gene, CmYAB1, in chrysanthemum led to changes in petal curvature and inflorescence morphology. Our findings provide new insights into the regulatory networks underlying chrysanthemum petal morphogenesis.

The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties.